10 Facts About the Gospel of John | Jesus Film Project
In prison (Matthew ,3) - "Now when John in prison heard of the works of Christ, he sent word by his disciples, 3and said to Him, "Are You the Expected One. Matthew and John were two of the original Twelve Apostles. They were with the Luke is an interesting writer because he did not know Jesus Christ personally. Bart Ehrman, the author of Jesus, Interrupted,, says they are at odds Contradictions in the Bible (and Why We Don't Know About Them) "When Matthew was writing, he didn't intend for somebody to In the book of John, Jesus talks about himself and proclaims who he is, saying "I am the bread of life.
If someone wrote a book claiming to be Paul while knowing full well that he wasn't Paul — isn't that lying? Can Scripture contain lies? When I arrived at seminary I was fully armed and ready for the onslaught on my faith by liberal biblical scholars who were going to insist on such crazy ideas.
Having been trained in conservative circles, I knew that these views were standard fare at places like Princeton Theological Seminary. But what did they know? What came as a shock to me over time was just how little actual evidence there is for the traditional ascriptions of authorship that I had always taken for granted, and how much real evidence there was that many of these ascriptions are wrong.
It turned out the liberals actually had something to say and had evidence to back it up; they weren't simply involved in destructive wishful thinking. There were some books, such as the Gospels, that had been written anonymously, only later to be ascribed to certain authors who probably did not write them apostles and friends of the apostles. Other books were written by authors who flat out claimed to be someone they weren't. In this chapter I'd like to explain what that evidence is.
Who Wrote The Gospels?
Though it is evidently not the sort of thing pastors normally tell their congregations, for over a century there has been a broad consensus among scholars that many of the books of the New Testament were not written by the people whose names are attached to them. So if that is the case, who did write them?
The Gospels as Eyewitness Accounts As we have just seen, the Gospels are filled with discrepancies large and small. Why are there so many differences among the four Gospels? These books are called Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John because they were traditionally thought to have been written by Matthew, a disciple who was a tax collector; John, the "Beloved Disciple" mentioned in the Fourth Gospel; Mark, the secretary of the disciple Peter; and Luke, the traveling companion of Paul.
These traditions can be traced back to about a century after the books were written. But if Matthew and John were both written by earthly disciples of Jesus, why are they so very different, on all sorts of levels?
Why do they contain so many contradictions? Why do they have such fundamentally different views of who Jesus was? In Matthew, Jesus comes into being when he is conceived, or born, of a virgin; in John, Jesus is the incarnate Word of God who was with God in the beginning and through whom the universe was made. In Matthew, there is not a word about Jesus being God; in John, that's precisely who he is.
Where did Jesus first meet Simon Peter and Andrew?
In Matthew, Jesus teaches about the coming kingdom of God and almost never about himself and never that he is divine ; in John, Jesus teaches almost exclusively about himself, especially his divinity. In Matthew, Jesus refuses to perform miracles in order to prove his identity; in John, that is practically the only reason he does miracles.
Did two of the earthly followers of Jesus really have such radically different understandings of who he was?
- 1. John focuses on our life in Jesus
- Related Articles
- You are here
Two people who served in the administration of George W. Bush may well have radically different views about him although I doubt anyone would call him divine. This raises an important methodological point that I want to stress before discussing the evidence for the authorship of the Gospels. Why did the tradition eventually arise that these books were written by apostles and companions of the apostles?
He may have seen and listened to the Savior on occasion. He then accompanied the Apostle Peter to Rome and stayed by him while he was in prison. As a fisherman from Galilee, Peter may not have spoken Greek fluently, so Mark interpreted for him. In his book, Mark wrote down the observations and memories of Peter, one of the original Apostles.
Luke Luke is an interesting writer because he did not know Jesus Christ personally. Luke had been a physician, but he left that profession to travel with Paul. In the first few verses of his book, Luke says that he is going to write the things that eyewitnesses and other teachers of the gospel had to say about the Savior.
Apparently he had the opportunity to talk to many who were present when the Savior taught or performed miracles. One of the most amazing stories Luke wrote about was the birth of the Savior.
When did John find out Jesus was the Messiah? | dansunah.info
The list would have been long. Many of the people who knew the Savior would still have been alive and would have remembered such important times in their lives. Paul mentions that about people saw the Savior after His Resurrection and that most of them were still alive when he was writing to the Corinthians see 1 Corinthians John John, or John the Beloved as he was known, served as one of the Apostles. His book was probably written last, as John seems to have already read the other Gospels before he wrote his own book.
Often, instead of telling his version of an event or parable the others had already written about, he writes about things the other writers did not include. It seems likely that he had some of the writings of John the Baptist. John was writing to members of the Church, who already knew something of the Lord. In the last five verses of his book, we find out what happened to John. But John was most likely warning people not to add anything to his writing only in the book of Revelation. Eventually the four Gospels were joined with other valuable writings such as the letters that Paul and others wrote.
Other original Apostles also wrote things that were copied repeatedly. Remnants of these writings survive, but it is difficult to determine which are authentic. When the New Testament was gathered into a single book, these writings were not included.
What Are the Gospels?
Most scholars agree that Luke wrote the Acts of the Apostles. Nearly all the rest of the books in the New Testament are letters, or epistles. Paul wrote most of these, but also included are letters written by James, Peter, John, and Jude. The book of Revelation, written by John, concludes the collection we now call the New Testament. You get a more in-depth understanding of events or parables when you read about them everywhere they are written.
Try looking up the baptism of Jesus.