Supporters of the Underground Railroad : Harriet Tubman
Harriet Tubman was an American abolitionist and political activist. Born into slavery, Tubman Tubman met the abolitionist John Brown in , and helped him plan and recruit supporters for the raid on Harpers Ferry. Amelia Bloomer , and Sojourner Truth in the calendar of saints of the Episcopal Church on July 20 . Harriet Tubman Timeline of Harriet Tubman: Born as Araminta Ross, but in her early adult years she changed her mane to Harriet afer her. Sojourner Truth was an African-American abolitionist and women's rights activist. Truth was Around , Truth met and fell in love with a slave named Robert from a . The pressures and severity of her speech did not get to Truth, however. Truth . remembers Sojourner Truth together with Harriet Tubman on March
Born into slavery, Tubman escaped and subsequently made some thirteen missions to rescue approximately seventy enslaved people, family and friends, using the network of antislavery activists and safe houses known as the Underground Railroad. She later helped abolitionist John Brown recruit men for his raid on Harpers Ferry, and in the post-war era was an active participant in the struggle for women's suffrage.
Born a slave in Dorchester County, Maryland, Tubman was beaten and whipped by her various masters as a child. Early in life, she suffered a traumatic head wound when an irate slave owner threw a heavy metal weight intending to hit another slave and hit her instead.
The injury caused dizziness, pain, and spells of hypersomnia, which occurred throughout her life. She was a devout Christian and experienced strange visions and vivid dreams, which she ascribed to premonitions from God.
InTubman escaped to Philadelphia, then immediately returned to Maryland to rescue her family. Slowly, one group at a time, she brought relatives with her out of the state, and eventually guided dozens of other slaves to freedom. Traveling by night and in extreme secrecy, Tubman or "Moses", as she was called "never lost a passenger".
After the Fugitive Slave Act of was passed, she helped guide fugitives farther north into British North America, and helped newly freed slaves find work. When the Civil War began, Tubman worked for the Union Army, first as a cook and nurse, and then as an armed scout and spy. The first woman to lead an armed expedition in the war, she guided the raid at Combahee Ferry, which liberated more than slaves.
After the war, she retired to the family home on property she had purchased in in Auburn, New York, where she cared for her aging parents.Harriet Tubman - Cartoon movie about Great Character - Animation for children
She was active in the women's suffrage movement until illness overtook her and she had to be admitted to a home for elderly African Americans that she had helped to establish years earlier. After she died inshe became an icon of American courage and freedom.
Her first outside job was as a nursemaid where she was violently and frequently beaten when she let the baby cry.
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She was then hired to set muskrat traps. Because of the nature of the job she fell ill and was sent back to Brodess.
Indeed, inwhen someone interrupted a speech and accused her of being a man, she opened her blouse and revealed her breasts, dumbfounding her opposition. During the Civil War, she helped recruit black troops for the Union Army, and, afterwards, worked unsuccessfully to secure land grants for former slaves, for prison reform, and capital punishment.
Her speech on the 8th Anniversary of Negro Freedom in expressed something of her outlook. Beginning with a little background about her life.
Sojourner recounted how her mother told her to pray to God that she may have good masters and mistresses. She then told how her masters were not good to her, about how she was whipped for not understanding English, and how she would question God why he had not made her masters be good to her.
Sojourner Truth - Wikipedia
She admitted to the audience that she had once hated white people, but that once she met her final master, Jesus, she was filled with love for everyone. Once slaves were emancipated, she knew her prayers had been answered. She then went on to her main focus, proposing that black people were properly supported with adequate resources and given their own land. Sadly, it is a cry which has still properly to be heard. Harriet Tubman — March 10, is now an American icon.
Early in her life, she indeed suffered a severe head wound when hit by a heavy metal weight.
This caused disabling epileptic-type seizures, headaches and powerful visionary and dream experiences, which occurred throughout her life.
More positively, as a child she developed a passionate faith in God. Like other abolitionists, she rejected the interpretation of New Testament texts that urged slaves to be obedient and found guidance in the Old Testament stories of deliverance. In the fall ofHarriet Tubman escaped to Philadelphia from Maryland.
It was a challenging but deeply rewarding experience. As she commented years later: When I found I had crossed that Pennsylvania line, I looked at my hands to see if I was the same person.
Inshe escaped to Canadabut returned to help others escape.
Working with other Abolitionistschiefly white Quakers, she made at least nineteen excursions into Maryland in the 's, leading more than slaves to freedom. During the War ofshe joined the Northern Army as a cook and a nurse and a spy, and on one occasion led a raid that freed over slaves. After the war, she worked to shelter orphans and elderly poor persons, and to advance the status of women and blacks.
She became known as "the Moses of her People. Stanton was born in and reared in the Presbyterian Church. She found the Calvinist doctrine of predestination dismaying, and rebelled against it. She denounced the clergy of her day for not upholding women's rights, but as she travelled giving speeches on the subject, she found no lack of pulpits available to her.
She undertook to write what she called a Women's Bible. It never got beyond a series of notes on selected Biblical passages.
Truth and Tubman: Women who fought against slavery
For example, she quotes the passage in Genesis where we are told that Noah's Ark had only one window, and remarks that if a woman had been consulted, the Ark would have been better designed. Stanton's life and works, I have an uncomfortable feeling that she was interested in "religion" only as a potential ally or opponent in her campaign for women's political equality. I once spent some time in a congregation where the preacher never mentioned God or Christ except when they could be quoted in support of the preacher's political agenda.