William Blake - Wikipedia
William Blake (28 November – 12 August ) was an English poet, painter, and .. Blake's marriage to Catherine was close and devoted until his death. .. Poems such as "Why should I be bound to thee, O my lovely Myrtle-tree ? mythology parallel to the Old Testament and Greek mythology"; Bonnefoy, Yves. St. Yves' Poor The poem from which these lines are taken, "Resurgam," sums up, in a . as individuals and in their social relationships—almost always intuitive and not When they had twined your myrtle buds and hung. formal French poems, you will simply not get sufficiently the speech flow without an elementary .. The narratives in them about a variety of sexual relationships are not hemmed in by The pale hydrangea joins with the green myrtle.  I have been helped with some difficult lines by the translation provided in Yves.
Again, the value of a collaborative approach. On tone-poems and poetic writing ME: We had a number of strong submissions that leaned toward prose poetry, and some you noted for their tone-poem quality.
I wonder if you could discuss the line between story and poem, and the importance of sound in writing, with regard to a few of those?
As a reader and practitioner I am always aware of the prose that is in poetry, and the poetry that is in the short-prose form — one of the distinctive markers of the prose-poem.
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In this short form is a coming together of the sentence, which drives the narrative; and the line in poetry, which contains it. Bringing them together in the same field or space is one of the fundamental ways that the prose-poem creates a kind of dynamic tension that suits the short form.
I often think of it as a visual model, that of a cruciform: We did have a number of what I think of as tone-poems, which as a form has been around since the beginning of musical and poetry composition. When I think of the tone-poem I am thinking of the music that is an inherent possibility in all language. And how the music of the language — its colour, emotional attitude and expressiveness, its lyric reach — can convey meaning.
It is the phonic or sound-sense of the language, which is so important especially in the tone-poem to convey some of the feeling aspect, that breathes life into the text.
Interview with 2017 National Flash Fiction Day Judge Emma Neale
On hats and earwax and cherry tomatoes ME: We had wonderful variety in terms of story contents this month; remnants has proven to be a rich theme. Did the strongest stories strike you for the way they went about tackling the theme, or because of imagery and poeticisms, or clarity of language, or something else entirely?
I am talking about trusting the unconscious, which is after all a major source of the imagination and the individual curves of the imagination — to make visible the often strange underworld of language. This can and does, if one listens for and to it, exploit the natural associative fluency that is the way the imagination works. Which suggests that this form was in fact a significant contribution to, if not the beginning of, the development of Modernism.
On youth writing ME: It was so interesting to see that one of the stories selected is written by a year-old writer. Do you think the practice of editing down to the essence of a thing is important for new or young writers? And do you think it harder than it seems? Better I think being selective rather than too inclusive. Editing a manuscript by request is another matter. On focus and scope ME: We often say small fictions have a way of capturing a small moment, a thing that rests there at the surface, or on the page, with other layers happening underneath or at the edges.
And yet sometimes a or word story can span a lifetime. How the small, the miniature can contain the large or bigger and the more expansive. And what can be more important than our own Creation Story? An image that has stayed with me for a long time: One of the things I enjoy about reading for Flash Frontier is selecting a set of stories that work both individually and as a whole — as a collection. The rewarding challenge, for me as an editor, is finding the hidden gems and helping them shine.
Reading for a competition, in contrast, requires a different kind of focus: With that in mind, I wonder if you can share some thoughts about what you will be looking for in the flash fictions you read for the NFFD competition: We are delighted to hear some of her insights into reading and writing short forms of varying kinds. We hope you enjoy this interview as much as we have. What draws you to the form? And what writers of flash fiction have you read recently that you enjoy? Or flash bio fictive ekphrasis?
So small, so capacious. There is a gentle combination of comedy and sympathy in the work that I think is an extraordinary tonal achievement. Can you comment on that, as a writer of both prose and poetry? Compression is often called the main shared characteristic — although as soon as I recall that, I think of works like Paradise Lost, and the air goes out of that conviction.
One might work hard to elevate plot as the main attraction of a flash piece; another might want to evoke atmosphere or character. One of the things we focus on in flash fiction is opening lines. Where do your stories or poems begin?
Do they begin with the opening lines, or do they start someplace else? And what do you recommend to writers are they set about thinking of opening lines? The poems tend to begin with the music or cadence of a particular phrase, although not always. Sometimes they do begin with an image that either troubles me or lifts me in some way.
I write more prose poems than I do short stories; and in these, atmosphere is more important than narrative. We see you draw on everyday life and small observations to create art out of life. Can you talk about the art of observation, and the beauty in detail? Their use of sensory image and metaphor taught me to look up at the world around me and try to convey how it presses against mind and skin.
Can you tell us how you started writing poetry, and how your poetry may have changed or evolved over the years? What have been some of your major influences? And some of your favourite poets? I started when I was very young and can still remember my first lesson in lineation from my primary school teacher; I was fascinated by the rule that a line that ran on too long for the right margin had to be stepped under itself. For some reason I found that urgent and thrilling. I kept a commonplace book from the age of about 11 or 12; I wrote in my spare time as a teenager, and started buying books of poetry for myself probably from about So tracing influences is very unscientific.
I try to stay open to poetry by younger writers now too: The commission for Dante 's Divine Comedy came to Blake in through Linnell, with the aim of producing a series of engravings. Blake's death in cut short the enterprise, and only a handful of watercolours were completed, with only seven of the engravings arriving at proof form. Even so, they have earned praise: The mastery of watercolour has reached an even higher level than before, and is used to extraordinary effect in differentiating the atmosphere of the three states of being in the poem'.
Because the project was never completed, Blake's intent may be obscured. Some indicators bolster the impression that Blake's illustrations in their totality would take issue with the text they accompany: At the same time, Blake shared Dante's distrust of materialism and the corruptive nature of power, and clearly relished the opportunity to represent the atmosphere and imagery of Dante's work pictorially.
Even as he seemed to be near death, Blake's central preoccupation was his feverish work on the illustrations to Dante's Inferno ; he is said to have spent one of the very last shillings he possessed on a pencil to continue sketching.
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A gravestone to mark the actual spot was unveiled at a public ceremony on 12 August Eventually, it is reported, he ceased working and turned to his wife, who was in tears by his bedside.
Beholding her, Blake is said to have cried, "Stay Kate! Keep just as you are — I will draw your portrait — for you have ever been an angel to me. Gilchrist reports that a female lodger in the house, present at his expiration, said, "I have been at the death, not of a man, but of a blessed angel.
His eyes Brighten'd and he burst out Singing of the things he saw in Heaven. Blake's body was buried in a plot shared with others, five days after his death — on the eve of his 45th wedding anniversary — at the Dissenter 's burial ground in Bunhill Fieldsin what is today the London Borough of Islington. Following Blake's death, Catherine moved into Tatham's house as a housekeeper. She believed she was regularly visited by Blake's spirit.Long Distance Relationship-Best Hindi Love Poetry by Shubham Neta-Heart Touching Love Poem in Hindi
She continued selling his illuminated works and paintings, but entertained no business transaction without first "consulting Mr. Tatham was an Irvingiteone of the many fundamentalist movements of the 19th century, and opposed to any work that smacked of blasphemy. The first was a stone that reads "Near by lie the remains of the poet-painter William Blake — and his wife Catherine Sophia —".
The area had been damaged in the Second World War ; gravestones were removed and a garden was created. The memorial stone, indicating that the burial sites are "nearby", was listed as a Grade II listed structure in In a memorial to Blake and his wife was erected in Westminster Abbey. His poetry consistently embodies an attitude of rebellion against the abuse of class power as documented in David Erdman's large study Blake: Blake was concerned about senseless wars and the blighting effects of the Industrial Revolution.
Much of his poetry recounts in symbolic allegory the effects of the French and American revolutions. Erdman claims Blake was disillusioned with them, believing they had simply replaced monarchy with irresponsible mercantilism and notes Blake was deeply opposed to slavery, and believes some of his poems read primarily as championing " free love " have had their anti-slavery implications short-changed.
Visionary Anarchist by Peter Marshallclassified Blake and his contemporary William Godwin as forerunners of modern anarchism. Thompson 's last finished work, Witness Against the Beast: William Blake and the Moral Lawshows how far he was inspired by dissident religious ideas rooted in the thinking of the most radical opponents of the monarchy during the English Civil War. Development of Blake's views[ edit ] Because Blake's later poetry contains a private mythology with complex symbolism, his late work has been less published than his earlier more accessible work.
The Vintage anthology of Blake edited by Patti Smith focuses heavily on the earlier work, as do many critical studies such as William Blake by D. The earlier work is primarily rebellious in character and can be seen as a protest against dogmatic religion especially notable in The Marriage of Heaven and Hell, in which the figure represented by the "Devil" is virtually a hero rebelling against an imposter authoritarian deity.
In later works, such as Milton and Jerusalem, Blake carves a distinctive vision of a humanity redeemed by self-sacrifice and forgiveness, while retaining his earlier negative attitude towards what he felt was the rigid and morbid authoritarianism of traditional religion.
Not all readers of Blake agree upon how much continuity exists between Blake's earlier and later works. Psychoanalyst June Singer has written that Blake's late work displayed a development of the ideas first introduced in his earlier works, namely, the humanitarian goal of achieving personal wholeness of body and spirit.
Regarding Blake's final poem "Jerusalem", she writes: This renunciation of the sharper dualism of Marriage of Heaven and Hell is evidenced in particular by the humanisation of the character of Urizen in the later works.
Murry characterises the later Blake as having found "mutual understanding" and "mutual forgiveness". Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations. Statements consisting only of original research should be removed. November Learn how and when to remove this template message Blake's Ancient of Days. This image depicts Copy D of the illustration currently held at the British Museum.
His view of orthodoxy is evident in The Marriage of Heaven and Hell.
Therein, Blake lists several Proverbs of Hellamong which are the following: Prisons are built with stones of Law, Brothels with bricks of Religion. As the catterpillar [ sic ] chooses the fairest leaves to lay her eggs on, so the priest lays his curse on the fairest joys.
If he had been Antichrist Creeping Jesus, He'd have done anything to please us: God wants not Man to Humble himself 55—61, E—20 For Blake, Jesus symbolises the vital relationship and unity between divinity and humanity: Antiquity preaches the Gospel of Jesus.
Within these he describes a number of characters, including "Urizen", "Enitharmon", "Bromion" and "Luvah". His mythology seems to have a basis in the Bible as well as Greek and Norse mythology,   and it accompanies his ideas about the everlasting Gospel. One of Blake's strongest objections to orthodox Christianity is that he felt it encouraged the suppression of natural desires and discouraged earthly joy. Men are admitted into Heaven not because they have curbed and governd their Passions or have No Passions but because they have Cultivated their Understandings.
All Bibles or sacred codes have been the causes of the following Errors. That Man has two real existing principles Viz: That God will torment Man in Eternity for following his Energies. But the following Contraries to these are True 1. Man has no Body distinct from his Soul for that calld Body is a portion of Soul discernd by the five Senses, the chief inlets of Soul in this age.
Energy is the only life and is from the Body and Reason is the bound or outward circumference of Energy. Energy is Eternal Delight. Blake does not subscribe to the notion of a body distinct from the soul that must submit to the rule of the soul, but sees the body as an extension of the soul, derived from the "discernment" of the senses.
Thus, the emphasis orthodoxy places upon the denial of bodily urges is a dualistic error born of misapprehension of the relationship between body and soul. Elsewhere, he describes Satan as the "state of error", and as beyond salvation.
He abhorred self-denial,  which he associated with religious repression and particularly sexual repression: He who desires but acts not breeds pestilence. E He did not hold with the doctrine of God as Lord, an entity separate from and superior to mankind;  this is shown clearly in his words about Jesus Christ: Enlightenment philosophy[ edit ] Blake had a complex relationship with Enlightenment philosophy.
His championing of the imagination as the most important element of human existence ran contrary to Enlightenment ideals of rationalism and empiricism. This mindset is reflected in an excerpt from Blake's Jerusalem: Blake's Newton demonstrates his opposition to the "single-vision" of scientific materialism: Newton fixes his eye on a compass recalling Proverbs 8: Blake saw an analogy between this and Newton's particle theory of light.
E It has been supposed that, despite his opposition to Enlightenment principles, Blake arrived at a linear aesthetic that was in many ways more similar to the Neoclassical engravings of John Flaxman than to the works of the Romantics, with whom he is often classified. The 19th-century "free love" movement was not particularly focused on the idea of multiple partners, but did agree with Wollstonecraft that state-sanctioned marriage was "legal prostitution" and monopolistic in character.
It has somewhat more in common with early feminist movements  particularly with regard to the writings of Mary Wollstonecraft, whom Blake admired. Blake was critical of the marriage laws of his day, and generally railed against traditional Christian notions of chastity as a virtue.